21 most prominent ancient tourist attractions in Egypt

tourist attractions in Egypt
21 most prominent ancient tourist attractions in Egypt

To get acquainted with the most prominent ancient tourist attractions in Egypt, you should know the high value that this country enjoys, as the history of Egypt extends to more than 7 thousand years BC. Egypt is characterized by a wonderful geographical location, linking the two continents of Africa and Asia, and the Mediterranean Sea separates it from the continent of Europe. Of course, all these previous factors contributed to building one of the oldest and most ancient civilizations in history.

Egypt is famous for its Pharaonic temples and museums, in addition to various other Pharaonic monuments, which makes it an attractive area for tourism. In the same context, Egypt possesses, beside the precious historical treasures, a unique tourist atmosphere that includes desert areas equipped for four-wheel drive and safari adventures, in addition to the presence of the Red Sea, which contains attractive coral reefs and the practice of diving.

Egypt has a warmth that helps in spending great times, whether in the beaches of South Sinai or Hurghada, and enjoying the beneficial sunshine. Not only this, you can also spend the most beautiful times in Luxor, it is full of monuments and pharaonic temples, in addition to the distinctive balloon flights, it is really a huge mood atmosphere. If you love rural scenes, you can visit Aswan and enjoy the island and temple of Philae, in addition to the Nubian Museum and other charming places.

There are a lot of tourism opportunities in Egypt, where Egypt combines arts, culture, and history, in addition to the availability of adventure and relaxation, I think it is worth the experience. Here are the best tourist places in Egypt.

First: archaeological tourism in Egypt

1. Pyramids of Giza

21 most prominent ancient tourist attractions in Egypt

The Pyramids of Giza in Egypt is one of the most famous ancient tourist attractions in the world, and it is also classified as one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Although the Pyramids of Giza are the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the World at 2,000 years ago, they are the only ones that exist today. The ancient Egyptians were building pyramids as tombs for the country's pharaohs and their peers, during the Old and Middle Kingdom periods. The pyramids of Giza were specifically built as the tombs of the pharaohs Khufu, Khafre, and Mycerinus (Menkaure), and they are guarded by the Great Sphinx (a reclining limestone statue, a mythical creature with a human head and a lion's body). The ancient Pharaonic pyramids in Giza, Egypt, are one of the most important tourist attractions. These memorials made of rocks, built in the Pharaonic era, are still one of the most important ancient tourist attractions in Egypt to this day.

2. Museums and Pharaonic temples in Luxor

21 most prominent ancient tourist attractions in Egypt

In fact, Luxor is one of the most important tourist cities in Egypt, due to its distinguished location next to the Nile River, in addition to the presence of huge archaeological sites such as the Valley of the Kings, in addition to the amazing Pharaonic temples such as Karnak Temple and the Memorial Temple of Queen Hatshepsut. Luxor also includes many activities and tourist places Brilliant. The city of Luxor was the center of power for the pharaohs of the modern state and was called in the past "Thebes City". The city of Luxor is currently characterized by a vibrant market in the East Bank, which is the heart of the modern city. Next to the major Pharaonic temples and museums, you can enjoy attractive views of lush agricultural lands, in addition to the presence of picturesque barren cliffs in the West Bank of the city, which is the beating heart of tourism, as it contains the largest percentage of the tourist attractions in Luxor Governorate. Of course, you can spend a few wonderful days in this picturesque city, explore the colorful wall art of tombs, and see the huge columns in the ancient Pharaonic temples, which makes Luxor the dazzling capital of archaeologists and historians throughout history.

3. Abu Simbel and Philae Temple in Aswan

21 most prominent ancient tourist attractions in Egypt

Aswan has many historical places and temples, such as the Temple of Abu Simbel, the Temple, and the Island of Philae. Abu Simbel is an archaeological area located on the western bank of Lake Nasser, about 290 km southwest of Aswan. The archaeological area of Abu Simbel is one of the areas (Nubian Antiquities in Egypt). These archaeological sites have been included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. It starts from the direction of the river's flow from Abu Simbel to Philae Island.

During the reign of King Ramses II, double temples were being carved from the mountains, in the thirteenth century before the birth of Christ, and these temples were used as memorials to King Ramses II and his wife, Queen Nefertari. As for the Philae Island of Aswan, it is an island in the middle of the Nile River, and is one of the strongest Egyptian forts along its southern border.

The Temple of Philae was moved from its position on the island to the island of Agilika (an island located in the reservoir of the old Aswan Dam along the Nile River from the southern side of Egypt), after it was submerged in the flood waters in 1902, which necessitated the dismantling and transfer of the Philae temple to the island of Agilika and reconstructing it. Once again, after the construction of the High Dam.

Aswan Governorate in Egypt has many other tourist advantages. It is the most beautiful and quiet city in Egypt, as it is located on the meandering bends of the Nile River, in addition to the presence of orange sand dunes, it is a great place to relax and enjoy for a few days. You can also take the river ferry through the Nile Elephantine Island in Aswan (Elephantine Island is one of the islands of the Nile State of Egypt, which is located in the city of Aswan, and has an area of about 1500 meters in length and 500 meters in width). The streets of the Nubian Island of Elephantine are also distinguished by its attractive colors, and it would be nice to stroll through them. It would also be nice to ride a camel to reach the desert monastery of Ma Rasmaan, which is located on the eastern bank of the city of Aswan.

It's time to eat, as the city of Aswan enjoys restaurants inside the river boats, what a special meal mixed with stunning scenes during the sailing period. It is preferable to ride the felucca at sunset, to enjoy sailing through the beautiful islands of Aswan. These activities and tourism programs are the most popular and distinguished in Aswan.

4. Pharaonic Saqqara area

21 most prominent ancient tourist attractions in Egypt

You may have heard about the pyramids of Giza in Egypt before, but you may not know that they are not the only ones there, but there are many pyramids and tombs of various sizes in the Saqqara area, which were used during the ancient Pharaonic era.

Saqqara is a small village belonging to the Badrashin Markaz, Giza Governorate, Egypt. The Saqqara region has many ancient Egyptian royal tombs, which date back to the dynasties that ruled the capital, Memphis (the name of ancient Egypt). Not only that, but it also contains a number of distinctive pyramids, including "the step pyramid of Djoser (the step pyramid of Djoser is the oldest completed stone building known in history)", which dates back to the era of the third Egyptian dynasty, and the Saqqara area contains a number of other archaeological terraces .

Sixteen other Egyptian kings-built pyramids at Saqqara, in addition to senior officials in ancient Egypt some other funerary monuments, which were built by some high officials in ancient Egypt. In 1979, UNESCO classified the area extending from the Giza pyramids to the Dahshur region through Saqqara as a "world heritage" site.

Note: The Step Pyramid is one of the most famous archaeological points in the Saqqara region, as it explains the miraculous engineering development in ancient (Pharaonic) Egypt, and how they managed to reach the construction of a realistic pyramid. There are many other scenes that can be seen outside the Step Pyramid, such as the various pharaonic tombs and museums that display the oldest and best paintings of the historical pharaonic tombs, in addition to the tomb of T, who is one of the employees of the "Five Egyptian Dynasty", in the twenty-fourth century before the birth of Jesus. This cemetery is in the northern part of the Central Saqqara region.

5. The Egyptian Museum in Cairo

21 most prominent ancient tourist attractions in Egypt

The Egyptian Museum is one of the most famous and largest museums in the world. The museum was established in 1835 and is located steps away from Tahrir Square in Cairo. The Egyptian Museum contains many the most beautiful pharaonic artifacts, it is worth seeing. The attractive pink museum is not just a place with archaeological exhibits, but it represents a long-civilized history.

The Egyptian Museum contains luxurious artifacts in addition to golden treasures that were discovered in the tomb of Tutankhamun in the Valley of the Kings. Egypt recently built another larger museum called the "Grand Egyptian Museum" in Giza Governorate (near the pyramids area), and it is expected to transfer and develop the exhibits in both museums.

In fact, the Grand Egyptian Museum is being built to be the largest museum of antiquities in the world, as it is expected to accommodate about five million visitors each year. The Grand Egyptian Museum is expected to include at least 100,000 artifacts from the "Pharaonic" and "Greek" eras, in addition to some artifacts from the Roman era, which will lead to an increase in tourism in Egypt.

6. Temple of Abydos, Sohag Governorate, Egypt

21 most prominent ancient tourist attractions in Egypt

Abydos is a city to the west of the Balina Center of Sohag Governorate, and it is one of the ancient cities in the Nile Valley (Upper Egypt). The history of the city of Abydos dates to at least 5,000 years, where archaeological clients see that this city was the first capital of Egypt in the late era Pre-families and the first four families.

In the city of Abydos, there are two temples, "Siti I" and "Ramses II". These two temples are distinguished by the prominent and distinctive ancient Egyptian inscriptions. The ancient Egyptians used to go to the temples of the city of Abydos to supplicate and cry to the god "Osiris", the guardian of eternal life and the god of the West. The city of Abydos is famous for having many antiquities, where many Pharaonic antiquities were discovered under the sand. It is an impressive historical city.

The temple of the god Osiris in the village or city of Abydos is one of the most beautiful and creative Egyptian treasures in ancient Egypt, and there are many remains of other temples, and the temple is located in the middle between a group of tombs and vast archaeological excavations. The pillars of the temple are decorated with inscriptions and pharaonic papyri.

7. The Temple of Hathor (in the village of Dendera) on the western mainland in Luxor Governorate

21 most prominent ancient tourist attractions in Egypt

The temple of "Dandara" was built and built for the worship of the goddess Hathor (the goddess of love, beauty, music, fertility, and happiness among the ancient Egyptians). From Luxor Governorate, it was built by King Ptolemy III in the Greco-Roman era. The process of building the Temple of Dendera lasted about 200 years, and many Roman emperors succeeded in it.

The temple of the goddess Hathor (Dendera) is characterized by bas-reliefs, rare paintings, and unique architecture, not only because it was designed with meticulous accuracy, starting with writing in hieroglyphs on its columns or through statues engraved inside. There are also unexpected things such as the astronomical scenes engraved on the ceiling of the temple, which is a creative architectural masterpiece, and it is also striking that there are internal stairs in order to reach the upper ceiling of the temple, in addition to decorating the path of these stairs with special views of priestly processions that embody the scenes of carrying the statues of the goddess Hathor, It is the embodiment of the ancient Egyptians' New Year's celebrations.

8. Wadi Al-Hitan in Fayoum Governorate

21 most prominent ancient tourist attractions in Egypt

Wadi Al-Hitan is located in the Fayoum Governorate, specifically within the Wadi Al-Rayan Reserve. Wadi Al-Hitan contains 10 complete skeletons of different types of whales, which lived in this area about 40 million years ago. Wadi Al-Hitan was designated a World Heritage Area by UNESCO in 2005 and was chosen as the best area for whale skeletons. Whale Valley is also characterized by the presence of "whole fossils of whales" that existed in the area up to 40 million years ago, when this valley was located under a huge ocean called (the Teth Sea), in addition to the presence of multiple marine fossils, you can see them for yourself in the "Open Museum". , which allows visitors to see whales, including the skeleton of a "Basilosaurus" whale, which is 18 meters long, but the museum does not allow to touch these skeletons, in order to protect them.

Wadi Al-Hitan This rocky valley is blessed with orange dunes and varied and jagged rocks. After many studies, a large fossil cache was discovered containing the oldest whales of prehistoric times, which contributed to understanding the biological composition of this period and the evolution that went through whales from this era to the present time.

9. Siwa Oasis, Egypt

21 most prominent ancient tourist attractions in Egypt

The Egyptian Siwa Oasis is located in a quiet and remote place in the Western Desert, about 300 km from the Mediterranean coast in the southwest of the Egyptian governorate of Marsa Matruh. Siwa Oasis is a small place that enjoys very calm, adorned with palm plantations and scenic views, and includes many types of animal and plant life forms, in addition to hot water springs. Siwa Oasis is known for medical tourism, as its sand provides natural elements that are suitable for alternative medicine and healing from diseases.

Siwa is famous for the "Shali" fortress, which is the remains of a vast fortress built of mud bricks in ancient times. This castle links the past and the present together, adding an attractive view of the city. Not only that, but Siwa Oasis is full of the remains of various ancient pharaonic temples, such as the Temple of the Oracle (which is said that Alexander the Great came to it in order to obtain information and take some important advice), in addition to the Temple of Amun, which witnesses the phenomenon of the "spring equinox" twice a year. , and also the tombs of the Mountain of the Dead, and it has been declared a nature reserve with an area of 7800 km.

The place enjoys a great degree of relaxation and tranquility, where you can spend a few special days. It is also a special place for those wishing to enjoy desert adventures and safari trips using four-wheel drive vehicles, which are popular trips for visitors to the oasis, and other different tourist programs.

10. White Desert Reserve

21 most prominent ancient tourist attractions in Egypt

The White Desert Reserve is in Egypt in the New Valley Governorate, 500 km from the Egyptian capital, Cairo. In 2002 this area was declared a "Nature Reserve". Why was it called the White Desert? Because it is covered in white, which covers most of its area, which is 3,010 square kilometers.

The White Desert Reserve is an open museum, as it is used to study geographical phenomena and the desert environment, in addition to wildlife and fossils. Not only that, the area contains antiquities dating back to prehistoric times, but the White Desert Reserve is characterized by the geological formations of limestone rocks, in addition to the amazing sand dunes.

The reserve has white peaks (chalk peaks), which take a surreal shape resembling icebergs, in addition to the splendor of huge rocks above the desert plateau. This reserve can be considered a "White Desert Park". It is like science fiction movies in that it contains stunning and dazzling scenes. The White Desert Reserve in Egypt is suitable for lovers of desert adventures, as well as lovers of ancient heritage and scientific research.

11. The Pharaonic Village in Cairo

21 most prominent ancient tourist attractions in Egypt

The idea of the pharaonic village in Egypt is summed up in assembling and bringing the ancient Egyptian eras together, beginning with some people (actors) wearing the pharaonic costume, as they simulate this period of history through the manufacture of papyrus and hunting, in addition to arts such as sculpture and painting, as well as some mummification works. and agriculture.

In fact, the idea of building the Pharaonic village in Egypt was a dream of a man called (Hassan Ratib. He graduated from the Higher Institute of Dramatic Arts in the State of Kuwait in 1986), and he also held many prestigious positions in the literary and theatrical field, where he founded the Fujairah National Theater in the State of Kuwait. The United Arab Emirates in 1979, and not only that, where he held the position of "Head of the Cinema and Theater Department at the Ministry of Culture", in addition to being a member of the Board of Directors of the Emirates Theatrical Association.

The idea or dream of Dr. Hassan Ratib was to build a museum that embodies the life of the ancient Egyptians (Pharaohs), through real people by wearing pharaonic clothes while providing an integrated pharaonic environment. In 1974, "Hassan Ratib" created an integrated pharaonic environment "in the area of Jacob Island located on the Nile River in Giza Governorate, Egypt", by planting about 5,000 trees (safflower - sycamore trees and date palm trees) around the village until any vision is obscured. Manifestations of modern Cairo, in addition to bringing many unique plants and animals, which was a farm in ancient Pharaonic times.

Then the construction work of the pharaonic village in Egypt proceeded, where the noble house was established in addition to its own garden, a large field dedicated to agriculture and harvest, and a place for boats to work, roads were also prepared, some small farms were established, and a huge temple of white stone was established in the middle of those farms After that, this temple became the emblem of the Pharaonic village. The pharaonic village was officially opened in 1984, after a 10-year period of work, and the construction of the pharaonic village cost more than 6 million dollars. In 1989 a model (stereo) of Tutankhamun's tomb was opened. Then Dr. Abdel Salam Hassan Ragab inaugurated many other museums (12 museums), which display many stages of the modern history of Egypt.

12. The Citadel of Salah al-Din al-Ayyubi

21 most prominent ancient tourist attractions in Egypt

The Citadel of Salah al-Din al-Ayyubi is called the Castle of the Mountain, because it is located on the highest mountain of Mokattam in the Egyptian capital, Cairo. Salah al-Din al-Ayyubi began building the fortress on the Mokattam mountain at Rabwat al-Sawwa in 572 AH / 1176 AD, but he died before the completion of its construction, and Sultan al-Kamil bin al-Adil completed its construction and was the first to inhabit it.

There is an inscribed door on the western side of the citadel with some texts on the construction of the citadel written on it. It is reported that Salah al-Din dug a well in the rock 90 meters deep from the level of the castle's land, in order to provide water for the army and the residents of the castle as well, after preventing water from them when it was besieged in the past.

The Citadel of Salah al-Din al-Ayyubi is one of the greatest castles built in the Middle Ages. It occupies a strategic location, as it is a very strong line of defense, given the site's ability to control the city of Cairo and the city of Fustat as well.

Salah al-Din Castle witnessed many historical events, during the Ayyubid and Mamluk eras, through the time of the French campaign against Egypt in 1798 AD, and the period when Muhammad Ali Pasha took over the rule of Egypt, when Muhammad Ali Pasha restored the prosperity, strength and greatness of Egypt. Sultan al-Nasir Salah al-Din Yusuf ibn Ayyub was the first to think about building the castle on the hill of al-Sawah in the year 572 AH / 1176 AD, when his minister Baha al-Din Qaraqosh al-Asadi demolished the mosques and graves that were located on al-Sawah in order to build the castle on it, where the workers carved the rock and found an artificial trench Separating the Mokattam mountain from Sowwah to increase its immunity and strength.

13. Baron Empain Palace 

21 most prominent ancient tourist attractions in Egypt

The Baron Empain Palace is one of Egypt's ancient palaces, specifically in the heart of Heliopolis in the Egyptian capital, Cairo, and is characterized by a unique architectural style. The construction phase of the palace began in 1906, and it was opened in 1911 AD. The great wealthy "Baron Edward Empain", a famous engineer and founder of projects with Belgian citizenship, built the Baron Palace after he came to Egypt at the end of the 19th century. The Belgian wealthy wanted to establish a housing project that included in the Cairo desert at that time, to be called "Heliopolis" On the project, the Baron built his palace according to the Hindu-European architectural style. The idea of the building was inspired by the famous French architect "Alexander Marcel", who was exhibiting his engineering drawings in Paris.

Second: Religious tourism in Egypt

14. Coptic Heritage (Ancient Coptic Monuments and Monasteries)

21 most prominent ancient tourist attractions in Egypt

There are many Coptic monuments scattered all over Egypt, where in Cairo there are some Coptic monuments represented in the Coptic Museum and the Hanging Church in Old Cairo. The journey and itinerary of the Holy Family in Egypt should not be forgotten. In fact, the Coptic civilization began in Egypt since the first century AD, where the roots of the Coptic culture extended to the Pharaonic era. One of the most important indications of the Coptic heritage’s connection with the Pharaonic era is the Coptic language, which the Egyptian Coptic Church still uses in its rituals, as the Coptic language is a stage in the development of the ancient Egyptian language.

Coptic art is summarized in the manufacture of pottery and metal in addition to the art of sculpture, and the Christian artists were very distinguished in engraving on wood, where you can visit the Church of St. Barbara and the Hanging Church in Old Cairo in Cairo Governorate, and you will see the design and doors of these churches, in addition to the wonderful archaeological icons. Coptic art was very distinguished, due to its interest in historical aspects, as Coptic artists were interested in painting on wood and canvas, and there was great interest and ingenuity in the field of weaving, in addition to manuscripts and books.

You can visit the Coptic Museum, which was established in 1910, which contains many antiques and diverse and rare collectibles, collected from ancient churches and monasteries. There are seven sections in the museum: The Textile Section, the Ancient Priestly Apparel, the Ivory Section, the Icons Section, the Metal Section, the Pottery Section, and the Woodwork Section. The Coptic Museum also has a large valuable library containing many rare historical books and manuscripts. Ancient Egypt is a treasure trove, as it is home to the oldest church, synagogue, and mosque in Cairo.

15. St. Catherine's Monastery (St. Catherine)

21 most prominent ancient tourist attractions in Egypt

The Monastery of St. Catherine is in the Sinai Peninsula. It is an Eastern Orthodox monastery. It was named after the name of the martyr St. Catherine, who lived in Alexandria in the fourth century AD. The monastery occupies a legendary position at the mouth of the strait at the foot of Mount Sinai (Mount Sinai, which spoke through Prophet Moses with God), below Mount Catherine (the highest mountains in Egypt).

There are reports suggesting that St. Catherine's Monastery is the oldest monastery in the world, so it is a distinguished tourist attraction, and indeed many tourists come to it from all countries in the world. Other than the monastery's attractive tourist site, the monastery is characterized by an impressive collection of icons and archaeological manuscripts influenced by fine arts.

16. The Monastery of St. Anthony (in the Red Sea)

21 most prominent ancient tourist attractions in Egypt

The monastery of Anba Antonios is one of the oldest monasteries in the world. The monastery is located at the foot of the "Mount Galala al-Qibli" in the Arabian Desert in Egypt (in the Red Sea Governorate). The monastery is distinguished by its unique architectural style that resembles a castle, where the interior church or the church of Anba Antonios contains unique frescoes that were built since the eleventh century, and are among the most important paintings of Egyptian Coptic art.

Anba Anthony is the founder of monastic life, and he is the first to set the rules of dread in the world, where the saint was born in 251 AD, and then left his home destined to love God when he became 20 years old, where he stayed 3 years on the outskirts of his town in the Egyptian governorate of Beni Suef, and from Then he went to the site of the current monastery in the Red Sea, where he found a spring of water that is about 1,700 years old, and it still exists today.

The monastery contains a cave at the top of the mountain that was inhabited by Anba Antonios long ago. The cave is narrow and does not accommodate many people, but you must climb a ladder consisting of 1420 steps to reach it. The monastery includes 13 small churches, some of which were built since the fourth century AD by St. Anthony.

17. Getting to know the Islamic civilization

21 most prominent ancient tourist attractions in Egypt

The city of Cairo was built in the Fatimid era, according to Islamic designs, and the narrow lanes of Cairo still contain some Islamic inscriptions, and there are neighborhoods full of mosques and Islamic religious schools, such as Al-Hussein neighborhood, and of course the history of this civilization dates back to the Fatimid era, extending to the Mamluk era.

Cairo has a great civilization with a different character, as it contains the Khan Al-Khalili area, which enjoys unique Islamic inscriptions, in addition to the art of engraving on copper and the manufacture of Islamic textiles and other antiques. You can visit these places and admire the architecture of the ancient Islamic empires. You can also visit the Al-Azhar Mosque and the wonderful Hussein area to feel the warmth and pure friendliness. Not only that, you should visit the amazing Sultan Hassan Mosque, and you can also go up to the roof of the "medieval gate" above Bab Zuweila, to see the minarets and birds, it is really worth the experience.

Third: Beach tourism in Egypt

18. Sailing the Nile

21 most prominent ancient tourist attractions in Egypt

Egypt is famous for sailing the Nile River since time immemorial, as these trips were one of the most prominent tourist attractions in Egypt, especially in the Victorian era (the reign of Queen Victoria, the era of the first industrial revolution in the world and the heyday of the British Empire), the Nile cruise was the only way to see And enjoy the most unique ancient temples in Egypt.

The distance between Luxor and Aswan is the best ever for Nile cruises, where you can relax and enjoy watching the temples, in addition to watching the sunrise and sunset mixed with palm trees on the banks of the Nile, in addition to the attractive sand dunes.

Nile cruises often start from Luxor, passing through the famous tourist sites in some villages (such as Esna and Kom Ombo), where you can enjoy watching the Temple of Kom Ombo and the Temple of Horus in Edfu, and then the trip ends in Aswan. Most Nile cruises last at least 4 nights, and there are plenty of different ships to choose from, from "traditional rowers" to "modern cruise ships".

Note: Modern ships feature a swimming pool on board, so that you can relax in the morning, and some ships also provide "night entertainment", through belly dance shows and other entertainment.

19. Diving adventures in the Red Sea

21 most prominent ancient tourist attractions in Egypt

The Red Sea Governorate in Egypt has the best sites for diving, as it is reported that the British international diving magazine “dive magazin” had placed the Red Sea in rank No. 2 among the top 10 diving areas in the world in 2020. The British magazine indicated that the Red Sea has More than 400 species of coral reefs are recorded, which makes diving there special.

You can also spend very wonderful times by visiting Sharm El-Sheikh (in the Sinai Peninsula) and enjoying its beaches and free snorkeling, where you can visit the Ras Mohamed Reserve, which has amazing coral reefs.

There are many wonderful tourist places in Egypt, especially in the field of diving, where you can enjoy the “Akhawayn” islands, which are located between “Safaga and El Quseir”, and these islands have the best coral and shark communities, and is one of the best areas for diving with sharks, Then you can go to the "St. John's Reef" area, which is located in the city of Marsa Alam, which is a mixture of seamounts and coral gardens. There is also a site for the wreck of the sunken British supply ship "Cecil Algorm" in the north of Hurghada, which is considered the most popular and popular site for divers.

20. The beaches of South Sinai

21 most prominent ancient tourist attractions in Egypt

Sharm El Sheikh is one of the most beautiful coastal cities in Egypt, located on the coast of the Red Sea, specifically at the confluence of the Gulf of Aqaba and the Gulf of Suez. South Sinai, located in the Sinai Peninsula, has many beaches and luxurious tourist areas, as it is a city in the unique European style. In fact, South Sinai does not only have beaches, but also many international restaurants and sophisticated hotels, which creates opportunities and wide entertainment options.

Europeans prefer the resorts of South Sinai in the winter, due to the beauty of its beaches and the diversity of its recreational environment, in addition to its warm weather and wonderful sunshine. In fact, Sharm el-Sheikh is characterized by clear turquoise beaches and soft golden sand, as well as a group of enormous tourist attractions.

Do not miss to go to "Dahab", one of the best beach areas in Sharm El Sheikh, and enjoy bustling desert adventures and dazzling tourism programs, in addition to the best cheap diving and surfing offers, it is really worth the adventure. Do not forget to spend some time in Nuweiba and Taba, please do not miss this opportunity.

Fourth: Military tourism in Egypt

21. Military Museums in Egypt (in Cairo)

  • Panorama October Museum, Cairo
21 most prominent ancient tourist attractions in Egypt

The October War Panorama Museum was established in 1983, with the participation of North Korea and Egypt, to commemorate the victories of the "October War between Egypt and Israel in 1973". Starting with the battles undertaken by Narmer to unite the two countries (Narmer is the king of the “Kingdom of the South” and unified Upper Egypt (Upper Egypt)) with Lower Egypt (Delta Egypt), in addition to some of the “Lower regions” in the 32nd century. BC There are also paintings that embody Ahmose's expulsion of the Hyksos in 1520 BC, in addition to the "Battle of Mansoura in 1250 AD", and other battles such as the Battle of Port Said in 1956, and finally the October War in 1973 and the spread of the Egyptian army against the Israeli army, and the return of the Sinai lands to Egypt again.

The October War Panorama is located on Salah Salem Street near Cairo International Stadium, in the Nasr City area of the Egyptian capital, Cairo. The October War panorama is characterized by the presence of a moving circular platform, where this platform rotates the seated people, in order to view the three-dimensional oil images on the walls. The October War panorama contains a cinema hall that shows real scenes from the two wars: the first war between Egypt and Israel in 1967, and the second war in 1973. You will also find some planes and tanks that were used in the October War, you can take memorial photos there.

  • The National Military Museum, Cairo
21 most prominent ancient tourist attractions in Egypt

The museum is located on the western side of the Saladin Citadel (a castle located on the Mokattam mountain in Cairo). The Military Museum was established in 1937 (near Tahrir Square in Cairo), but it was temporarily moved to the Garden City area in Cairo in 1938, then transferred again to the Haram Palace in the Citadel in 1949. Some renovations were made to the museum and reopened in 1982, it was renewed again By the Antiquities Authority in 1988 and reopened. Finally, it was developed in cooperation between Egypt and the Democratic Republic of Korea (North Korea) in 1990, and the former Egyptian President "Mohamed Hosni Mubarak" reopened it in 1993.

  • Egyptian Air Force Museum, Cairo
21 most prominent ancient tourist attractions in Egypt

The Military Museums Department is supervising the Egyptian Air Force Museum, as it is one of the most famous military museums in Egypt. The museum contains a wall model of the aircraft corridor, in addition to several aircraft of various different models, within a hall called "Historical Origin". There are also all the pictures of the leaders of the Air Force since the beginning of its establishment, in addition to the roles of each of them, and the medals and decorations that each of them received.

The museum also contains another hall with a variety of rare photos, which document the effective participation of the Egyptian Air Force in various previous wars, starting from the First World War through the Second World War, and there are also pictures of the formation of the Egyptian Air Force in 1952, that is, before its conversion to Al-Juweir Forces in just one year, when the Egyptian Air Force was converted into the Air Force in 1953, and the museum also contains some paintings and photos documenting the role of the Air Force in the tripartite aggression against Egypt in 1956.

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